Yves Saint Laurent began his career at age 17 by working as Christian Dior’s assistant. At age 21, he became head of the Dior fashion house when Dior died. He lost his position when he was drafted to fight in the Algerian War in 1960 but started his fashion house after he left the service. He is known for popularizing ready-to-wear and tailoring exquisite women’s suits. The first fragrance, Y for women, was released in 1964, and the cosmetics and perfume lines remain produced by L’Oreal.